Rent agreement is a type of contract of rental, which is generally written between the property owner and a renter who wants to get provisional possession of the property.
In India, it’s completely lawful and valid to make an 11-month rent agreement. Such rent agreement is considered as completely authentic and can be produced to court once required as a valid piece of evidence. While drafting an 11-month rent agreement tenants do not require to pay any cost for the registration purpose. Whether you’re a tenant or landlord it’s always good to opt for an 11-month rent agreement because of its cost-effective and hassle-free nature.
If a landlord is willing to make a verbal commitment, so is there any requirement to create a rent agreement?
A verbal commitment does not have any legal validity, and in such case, either party can breach the said terms and conditions. In such a case, the opposing party can’t take any action for it. Having a written contract can support you with legal validity. So one must always go for a written rent agreement.
Types of Rent Agreements
In India, there are mainly 2 types of rental contracts we can see –
Difference between Rent and Lease
Rent refers to the regular payment of rental, which expires after a one-month duration and at the end of which it is renewed automatically. On the other hand, lease refers to the conveying of land or property to another for a stated term or period.
Rent Agreement Format
Below are a few common points that a rent agreement should have:
Commonly used terms in a rent agreement
Duration – Time for that the agreement will be valid
Rent – The amount of payment made by the tenant to the landlord in exchange for the rented property
Deposits – The reason for the deposits along with conditions for return need to be mentioned if there is any requirement of making any deposit.
Insurance – In most of the commercial rent agreement cases the tenants need to insure the property.
Repairing and maintenance – terms and conditions for repairing and maintenance of the property, both for the landlord and tenant.
Documents required for a rent agreement registration
Any rent agreement in India requires the below documents for the registration process –
Stamp duty on rental agreement
For registering a rent agreement, one should pay stamp duty for it. The amount of stamp duty varies from city to city in India.
Below table is showing the stamp duty in the rental agreement in different states in India:
|States||Agreement time||Amount of stamp duty|
|Delhi||Up to 5 years||2%|
|Noida||Up to 11 months||2%|
|Karnataka||Up to 11 months||1% of the total rent + deposit paid annually or Rs 500, whichever is lesser|
|Tamil Nadu||Up to 11 months||1% of rent + deposit amount|
|Uttar Pradesh||Less than a year||4% of annual rent + deposit|
|Maharashtra||Up to 60 months||0.25% of the total rent|
|Gurgaon||Up to 5 years||1.5% of the average yearly rent|
|Gurgaon||5-10 years||3% of the average yearly rent|
e-Stamp paper or electronic stamp paper is the result of electronic stamping which is an online application through which Stamp Duty can be securely paid to the Government. As all of us would already know, the most common use of stamp papers is for creating rental agreements
Stamp duty can be securely paid to the Government through online using the e-Stamp paper or electronic stamp paper.
In 2000 Govt. has appointed the Holding Corporation of India Ltd (SHCIL) for implement and over see e-Stamping operations. The SHCIL is also been given the responsibility of keeping track of all e-Stamp papers issued in the country.
At present, the below states in India allow the e-Stamping process – Assam, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Delhi-NCR, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh.
For getting a rental agreement printed on e-Stamp paper, first, you need to buy an e-Stamp paper from any selected centres in your city. Then you have to write or print your rental deed over the e-Stamp paper, following which, the executants, namely the tenant and the landlord, should place their signatures at selected places along with the signatures of two eyewitnesses. This makes the contract, lawfully binding.
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